Mer Nuba Mountains

Her er en rapport fra det sudanske kirkerådet om det som nå skjer i Nuba mountains. Jeg gjengir den i sin helhet. Den forteller blant annet at de som blir mistenkt for å støtte SPLM blir skutt på åpen gate.

Edit: Rapport fra Amnesty som bekrefter at styrker har gått dør til dør for å arrestere eller skyte SPLM-tilhengere

Edit2: Human Rights Watch

Edit 3: «It was tough yesterday. There was fire in every direction,» says a UN source who did not want to be named. «It was a cat and mouse game going on in the town yesterday between the armed forces. I cannot who was who among them anymore. We even had people coming to our camp and snatching people suspected as political supporters,» the source said

South Kordofan: reports of mass atrocities

Fleeing civilians hunted ‘like animals’ by helicopter gunships

Friday June 10 2011. Escalating violence against civilians in Sudan’s South Kordofan state is a
major humanitarian catastrophe in the making, with an estimated 300,000 people besieged, cut
off from relief aid, and unable to escape fighting.

The United Nations estimates that up to 40,000 people have fled fighting between Sudanese
government troops, Sudan Armed Forces (SAF), and members of the former southern rebel group,
the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), in Kadugli, the capital of Sudan’s oil-producing border
state of South Kordofan. Shelling was heard in the town of Kauda this morning and Antonov
planes have been seen carrying out aerial bombardment in areas with a significant civilian
population, in the Heiban and Um Dorain areas among others. Furthermore, low-flying MIG
fighter planes have been used to terrify the displaced people seeking shelter around the United
Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) compound just north of Kadugli.

For the last five days, people have locked themselves in their homes without food or water, for
fear of being killed.

Others have fled to the Nuba mountains, where they are being hunted down like animals by
helicopter gunships, says the Sudan Council of Churches, an umbrella organisation representing all
Sudanese churches.

Humanitarian efforts in and around Kadugli have been severely hampered by the fighting and the
presence of large number of Sudan Armed Forces troops. Several eye-witness accounts indicate
that SAF troops are carrying out “house-to-house” searches in the towns, pulling out suspected
opposition sympathisers and in some cases killing them on the spot. Meanwhile, the SPLA has
been accused of committing atrocities and failing to protect civilians.

A peace network of Christian churches that has worked in Sudan for nearly two decades, the
Sudan Ecumenical Forum, says the international community should pressurise both warring
parties to fulfil their obligation to protect civilians. SEF co-chair Eberhard Hitzler says that unless
an immediate no-fly zone over the state is created, emergency workers are allowed to deliver
relief, and the United Nations Mission in Sudan protects civilians, killing will continue on an
unprecedented scale. Both the SPLA and the government forces have a responsibility to protect

Since 1994, the Sudan Ecumenical Forum has played a major role in raising awareness in the
international arena about conflicts in Sudan and contributed to peace-building, with the voice of
the Sudanese churches at the centre.

SEF co-chair Eberhard Hitzler says urgent action is needed. “A humanitarian crisis on an enormous
scale is unfolding in South Kordofan state. We appeal to the world leaders and governments to
pay attention to this situation and urgently protect people.”

The SEF has already received many reports by independent witnesses claiming violence and

atrocities against civilians. Two eyewitnesses saw people, perceived to be SPLA sympathisers,
dragged out of the UNMIS compound in Kadugli and executed in front of UNMIS personnel, who
did not intervene.

Meanwhile, UNMIS in Kauda – which was besieged by shelling earlier today – has apparently lost
credibility with locals. This is affecting the quality of UN information, as many people are unwilling
to speak to UN staff.

The eyewitness claims have been backed up by evidence from individual churches in the region,
which have contacted SEF pleading for urgent assistance in bringing the world’s attention to the

In addition to killings, looting, the burning of property and threats that have caused tens of
thousands of people to flee their homes, the violence is a serious threat to stability between
northern and southern Sudan and could affect the whole region, says Hitzler.

“The international community, led by the UN Security Council, with the explicit and unwavering
support from particularly China, USA, the African Union, the Arab League and the European Union,
must urgently take all measures to stop hostilities, protect civilians and allow humanitarian access
to all parts of South Kordofan, as a first step to re-engaging the opposing political and military
parties in the search for a negotiated solution”.

Only such urgent international efforts can halt what is threatening to become a repeat of the mass
atrocities, war crimes and protracted humanitarian crisis the world witnessed in neighbouring
Darfur over the past decade, in Abyei in recent weeks and during the previous war in the Nuba
Mountains in the early 1990s.

The Sudan Council of Churches is calling on the UN mission in the country to rescue survivors and
on the international community to prevent a return to war in Sudan.


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